**DIPS 7/2002**[tex source, PostScript, PDF file, dvi]-
**Title:**On symmetries and cohomological invariants of equations possessing flat representations.**Authors:**S. IGONIN, P. KERSTEN, I. KRASIL'SHCHIKWe study the equation

_{fc}of flat connections in a given fiber bundle and discover a specific geometric structure on this equation, which we call a flat representation. We generalize this notion to arbitrary PDE and prove that flat representations of an equation are in 1-1 correspondence with morphisms :_{fc}, and_{fc}being treated as submanifolds of infinite jet spaces. We show that flat representations include several known types of zero-curvature formulations of PDEs. In particular, the Lax pairs of the self-dual Yang-Mills equations and their reductions are of this type. With each flat representation we associate a complex C_{}of vector-valued differential forms such that H^{1}(C_{ }) describes infinitesimal deformations of the flat structure, which are responsible, in particular, for parameters in Baecklund transformations. In addition, each higher infinitesimal symmetry S of defines a 1-cocycle c_{S}of C_{}. Symmetries with exact c_{S}form a subalgebra reflecting some geometric properties of and . We show that the complex corresponding to_{fc}itself is 0-acyclic and 1- acyclic (independently of the bundle topology), which means that higher symmetries of_{fc}are exhausted by generalized gauge ones, and compute the bracket on 0-cochains induced by commutation of symmetries.

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